[public-health] ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE : AGRICULTURE: CROPS: COFFEE : IMPACTS: World’s Coffee Supply Threatened By Climate Change, Study Says

 

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ENVIRONMENT GLOBAL WARMING AND CLIMATE CHANGE :

AGRICULTURE: CROPS: COFFEE :

IMPACTS:

World’s Coffee Supply Threatened By Climate Change, Study Says

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World’s Coffee Supply Threatened By Climate Change, Study Says

Published: September 23 2016 05:15 PM EDT

By Ada Carr

https://weather.com/news/news/ coffee-beans-crops-industry-climate-change-pests-diseases

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A shorter URL for the above link:

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http://tinyurl.com/zbdynct

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Theres been talk of climate change delivering a blow to the coffee industry, and a new report is shining light on the ways it is beginning to take a toll on the worlds java.

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In a report compiling numerous studies of climate change and coffee, the Climate Institute provides strong evidence that rising temperatures and altered rainfall patterns are already affecting coffee crops. This means over the next few decades, coffee production will undergo some dramatic shifts.

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Coffee plants thrive in stable environments, but once favorable countries, such as Colombia and Ethiopia, have started to become less suitable as global warming shifts their weather patterns.

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Were fearful that by 2050 we might see as much as a 50 percent decline in productivity and production of coffee around  the world, which is not so good, Fairtrade Australia and New Zealand chief executive Molly Harries Olson told ABC News.

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According to the report, Ethiopias average annual temperature rose by 34F between 1960 and 2006. Similarly, in Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras, mean temperatures have jumped by as much as 33F, and rainfall has declined by up to 15 percent since the mid-1990s. Even half a degree difference at the wrong time can alter the coffee yield, flavor and smell.

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The changing climate is also opening the door for other problems, like coffee pests and diseases.

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In 2012, following unusually high temperatures and high-altitude rains, Central America was hit by a wave of Coffee Leaf Rust (Hemileia vastatrix), researchers wrote in the report. The plant disease spread quickly through highlands, affected more than 50 percent of the crop, with some Guatemalan producers losing up to 85 percent of their crop. In Colombia, the fungus is being reported in mountainous regions previously too cool for it to survive.

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Author: jwneastro

I am a reference librarian at Temple University and a specialist in bibliographic database searching.

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