[public-health] MEDICAL: DISEASES: CANCER : MEDICAL: CONDTIONS: OBESITY : SURVEYS : DEATH: CAUSES: Obesity Ties Cancer as Top Health Threat, New Survey Shows

 

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MEDICAL: DISEASES: CANCER :

MEDICAL: CONDTIONS: OBESITY :

SURVEYS :

DEATH: CAUSES:

Obesity Ties Cancer as Top Health Threat, New Survey Shows

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Obesity Ties Cancer as Top Health Threat, New Survey Shows

Understanding of risks of obesity is improving, but major misperceptions about causes and treatments persist

Date: November 1, 2016

Source:
NORC at the University of Chicago

Summary:

Americans take obesity as seriously as cancer, and say its an even bigger health threat than heart disease, the nations leading killer, yet most do not go beyond traditional diets or involve doctors in their largely unsuccessful personal struggles against the disease, according to a new survey.

Science News

from research organizations

Science Daily

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/11/161101101416.htm

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Americans take obesity as seriously as cancer, and say it’s an even bigger health threat than heart disease, the nation’s leading killer, yet most do not go beyond traditional diets or involve doctors in their largely unsuccessful personal struggles against the disease, according to a new survey by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery (ASMBS) and the independent research organization,NORC at the University of Chicago. The findings were released here during ObesityWeek 2016, the largest international event focused on the basic science, clinical application and prevention and treatment of obesity.

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The ASMBS/NORC Obesity Poll finds that 81 percent of Americans consider obesity to be the most serious health problem facing the nation, tying cancer as the top issue, ahead of diabetes (72 percent), heart disease (72 percent), mental illness (65 percent), and HIV/AIDS (46 percent). In 2011- 2014, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports the prevalence of obesity was more than 36 percent in adults, a number that has grown significantly in the last 10 years.

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Nearly everyone (94 percent) agrees that obesity itself increases the risk for an early death, even if no other health problems are present, according to the new poll. Yet, despite the seriousness with which they take the threat, the vast majority of Americans incorrectly perceive diet and exercise alone to be the most effective long-term weight loss method, and 1 in 3 of those struggling with obesity, report that they have never spoken with a doctor or health professional about their weight. Only 12 percent of those with severe obesity, for whom weight-loss surgery may be an option, say a doctor has ever suggested they consider surgery.

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“This survey reveals that Americans understand the risks of obesity better than ever, but hold major misperceptions about the causes of the disease, the effectiveness of the different treatments and the importance of involving the medical community in their care,” said Raul J. Rosenthal, MD, President, ASMBS and Chairman, Department of General Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Florida. “I think obesity may be the only life-threatening disease where more than a third of the patients do not consult a doctor for treatment, and where the vast majority do not explore other treatment options that may yield better long-term success rates.”

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The ASMBS/NORC Obesity Poll finds about 60 percent of Americans are currently trying to lose weight, although most everyone with obesity has tried before (94 percent). More than half of those with obesity have tried at least five previous times, and 1 in 5 have made more than 20 attempts to lose weight over their lifetimes. Only 22 percent of obese Americans rate their health positively, and half report being diagnosed with two or more chronic conditions.

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Most Americans consider diet and exercise on one’s own to be the most effective method (78 percent) for long-term weight loss, saying it’s even more effective than weight-loss surgery (60 percent) and prescription obesity drugs (25 percent).

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“Diet and exercise alone is simply not the most effective long-term treatment. It’s an important component, but on its own, it’s probably the least effective option for most people with obesity,” said John M. Morton, MD, MPH, chief of bariatric and minimally invasive surgery at Stanford University School of Medicine and ASMBS immediate past president. “We have to get people, and even the medical community, to go beyond ‘eat less and exercise more.’ That’s too simple an answer for a complex disease like obesity. We have an expanding spectrum of treatments and many are underutilized because they are misperceived or poorly understood.”

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The complete article may be read at the URL above.

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Author: jwneastro

I am a reference librarian at Temple University and a specialist in bibliographic database searching.

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